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Rehabilitation Therapy

What is Rehabilitation Therapy?

  • There are many forms of therapy for rehabilitation each intended to address specific problem ranges. The main type of therapy is Occupational Therapy, Physical therapy, Speech therapy and Respiratory therapy.

  • It helps individuals heal from Addiction, Disease, accidents, Surgery, stroke, heart attacks or other medical problems and regain functional abilities and loss of independence from such events. 

Who may take up Rehabilitation therapy courses?

There are a few courses in rehabilitation therapy that are widely used in treatment plans designed to meet those objectives. You must have passed 10+2 from a recognised board to get admission in a Bachelor course related to Psychology.

What are the different types of Rehabilitation therapy courses?

Physical therapy courses – There are some concepts that are generally examined in physical therapy such as Anatomy, Neuroscience, Tissue Mechanics, Statics, Dynamics, Reaction forces, Path physiology, and Electro neurophysiology

Occupational therapy courses - Within India there are just over 25 establishments offering occupational therapy courses. Occupational therapy integrates the purposeful practice which helps people with physical or mental challenges to enjoy their daily lives. Occupational therapy is the field of study which deals with the healing and recovery of people with physical, emotional and mental disabilities and challenges.

Speech Therapy courses – Speech therapy is an ally of health sciences referring to a person's speech, expression, and language impairment. 

Respiratory therapy courses – Respiratory therapists work to diagnose, treat and care for patients with respiratory and other cardiopulmonary conditions alongside physicians and other healthcare professionals. They also do diagnostic tests and limited physical examination.

What Rehabilitation Therapists do?

  • The rehabilitation medicine doctors treat people who suffer from traumatic brain damage, muscular dystrophy, rheumatic arthritis, back pain.

  • They give patients and their families counselling and help.

  • Different therapists work as per the problem/requirement: A physical therapist treats patients with the body or muscular pain.

  • An occupational therapist treats patients with mental & physical problems/issues, for an improved quality of life.

  • Speech therapists treat patients with speech, expression, and language impairment. 

  • The respiratory therapist treats patients with respiratory and other cardiopulmonary conditions.

What are the Skills required to be a Rehabilitation therapist?

  • Active listener

  • Feeling of compassion

  • Good listener

  • Good communication skills

  • Critical thinking skill

  • Problem-solving skill

  • Patience 

  • Attentiveness

  • Decision making

  • Persuasion skill

  • Active learning skill

Where can one study a course in Rehabilitation Therapy?

Various Rehabilitation therapy courses are offered by top institutes in India

  • National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped (NIMH), Secunderabad

  • Institute for the Physically Handicapped, New Delhi

  • All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mumbai

  • Christian Medical College, Tamil Nadu

  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

  • All India Institute of Speech & Hearing, Mysore

  • Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi

  • Institute of Speech and Hearing, Bangalore 

  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh

What are the subjects taught in MD in the Rehabilitation Medicine program?

The following subjects are

  • Basic Sciences to study Rehabilitation Medicine

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

  • Pharmacology

What are the Job Prospects after acquiring a degree in Rehabilitation?

Rehabilitation Medicine provides enough employment opportunities. Such professionals are always in demand because with their experience, they help patients develop their functional skills in different places. 

  • They can take up a job at government hospitals, 

  • Private hospitals

  • Nursing homes 

  • They may also work as a consultant for NGOs, offering medical services to elderly patients, disabled children, etc. 

  • Such specialist physicians are also employed by the Armed Forces Hospitals to provide medical services to the country's military personnel.

What is the expected Salary at the start?

  • The average salary at entry-level in India is Rs.13,56,017/yr

  • The average salary of a senior specialist is Rs. 26,27,925/yr


Who are the top recruiters in this field? 

The Top Recruiters of Rehabilitation Medicine experts are

  • Apollo healthcare

  • Jaypee  healthcare

  • Fortis Medicare


  • Armed forces of India 

  • Government healthcare units 

  • Rehabilitation Centers

  • Multispecialty Hospital

  • Non-Governmental Organization

  • Teaching to Under & Post Graduates

  • Private Practice/Private clinics

  • Mental Hospitals

What kinds of books and study materials are available for the entrance examinations? 

  • Mock tests available online

  • Study materials available from the popular training institutes

  • NCERT syllabuses of physics, chemistry, and biology.

Some popular books are as follows: 

  • Therapeutic Exercise by Carol Kisner

  • The Principles of Exercise Therapy by Deena Gardiner

  • Manual Therapy Approaches in Neuro-Physiotherapy by Ganvir Suvarna

  • Manual of Mulligan Concept (Revised Edition) by Deepak Kumar

  • Manipulative Physiotherapy Assessment, Treatment and Improvisation by Biswas Amrit Essentials of Orthopedics for Physiotherapists by Ebenezer

Interesting facts

  • It ranks among America's top 10 "happiest workers" according to Forbes.

  • It as a speciality actually began during the First World War when there was a need to take care of wounded soldiers and the first PTs were called "reconstruction aids" during the First World War.

  • Rehabilitation therapy started as a speciality exclusively for women. The original licensed physical therapy association was named the Association of American Women's Physical Therapy and had 274 members.