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What is horticulture?

  • Horticulture is the science and art of plant cultivation (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and plants), and it also includes plant care, garden preparation, soil preparation and management, garden design, construction, and maintenance. 

  • The difference between horticulture and agriculture is that gardening does not include large-scale commercial crop cultivation or animal husbandry.

  • Horticultural scientists apply their knowledge and exploit their skills and various technological means in plant reproduction and growth with a focus on developing plants and crops' growth, quality, nutritional value, and ability to resist diseases, pests, insects, and environmental impacts.

What are the specializations areas in horticulture or after completing graduation?

  • Gardeners

  • Small parks’ Gardeners

  • Treating diseases and pests

  • Garden designers

  • Technical advisors

  • Nutrition consultants

Who is eligible?

After completion of 10+2 in Science stream (class 12th) with physics, chemistry and maths/biology/agriculture as the subjects one can opt for Bachelors degree in Horticulture as a separate discipline or as a subject of BSc Agriculture Science.

Where can one study Horticulture in India?

Top Colleges offering Horticulture in India:

  • National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal

  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Delhi

  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Hyderabad

  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCSHAU), Hisa

  • University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Bangalore 

  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore

  • Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana

Best Colleges in India for Horticulture

  • Anand Agricultural University, Gujarat

  • Junagadh Agricultural University, Gujarat

  • Navsari Agricultural University, Gujarat

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Madhya Pradesh

What are the growth prospects in horticulture?

  • One may proceed with masters in this field.

  • Or can enroll for PhD after completing masters’ degree, for further research programs.

  • Those who have a PhD degree in Horticulture can appear for the examination conducted by the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR, New Delhi. 

  • Students can appear for the NET exam, as a starting career as a lecturer in the university.

What are the Salary Expectations in Horticulture?

  • According to Glassdoor, the national average salary for a Horticulture Officer is Rs 29,184 per month in India

  • Indeed reports the average salary for a Horticulture Manager is Rs 21,419 per month in India

Who are Top Recruiters in translation?


  • National Horticulture Board

  • Inflorescence garden services LLP

  • Garden World

  • My Urban Greens by IFFCO Kisan

  • Concept Pools & Gardens

  • Evergreen Land Arts

What are books and study material available for horticulture?

  • The Well-Tempered Garden

  • The Dry Garden

  • Planting: A New Perspective

  • We Made a Garden

  • Down the Garden Path

  • Home Ground: Sanctuary in the City

  • Vita Sackville-West’s Sissinghurst

  • A Gentle Plea for Chaos

Facts about horticulture

  • Over 1/3 households in the United States of America grow their own vegetables!

  • The first type of painkiller and fever medicine was made from the tree bark of a willow tree.