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Earth Science

What is Earth Science?

  • Earth Science is a branch of science that deals with the detailed study of the physical constitution of the earth and its constituents.

  • Earth science deals with the study of subjects like geology, geography and oceanography.

  • Earth Science is a very exciting subject with lots of practical applications.

Why Earth Science is so Important?

The 21st century is an era of the energy crisis.  The study of earth science may provide an opportunity to explore unknown natural resources and also find out whether they are efficient for the production of energy.

Where can one study earth science in India?

Best colleges / Institutions offering B.Sc and MSc degree in Earth Science in India

  • IIT Kanpur, Kanpur.

  • IISER, Bhopal.

  • Bangalore University, Bengaluru.

  • Madras Christian College, Chennai.

  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata.

Popular colleges offering Earth Science courses in India are

  • Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi

  • CSJM Kanpur, Kanpur

  • University of Lucknow, Lucknow

  • Sinhgad College of Science, Pune

  • Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Kochi.


You need to have passed class 12 in the Science stream.

Career Scope in India and Abroad

  • After completing the degree the students can start their career in teaching or in the corporate sector.

  • The demand of earth scientists is emerging very rapidly because of their demand in the field of Environmental Science, resources exploration and resource management etc.

  • The developed nations like USA, Japan, UK, Canada and France are spending billions of dollars in various research work related to the earth science.

What are the specialization area after completing BSc/MSc Earth Science?

The following specialization areas are open after completing BSc or MSc Earth Science:

  • Applied Geology.

  • Applied Geophysics.

  • Mineralogy.

  • Climatology.

What are the job opportunities after acquiring BSc , MSc in earth science?

As it has been mentioned earlier that the subject of earth science is one of the most demanding subjects in today's world , because of its wide application area.

Some of the application areas are-

1. Petroleum Sector.

2. Mining Sector.

3. Environmental Consultant.

4. Town Planner.

5. Waste Management Officer.

6. Landscape Architect.

7. ONGC.

What is the Expected Salary for a Geologist in India?

  • Average salary of a Geologist in India Rs 597,997.

  • Salary for Geologists with 1-4 years of experience in India Rs 503,357.

  • Average mid career salary a Geologist with 5-9 years of experience gets in India is Rs 616,736.

Who are the top recruiters of this field?

The following organizations recruit the BSc, MSc .

  • Geological Survey of India.

  • Central Ground Water Board.

  • Coal India.

  • Oil Natural Gas Commission (ONGC).

  • Mineral and Metal Trading Corporation. (MMTC).

What are the growth prospects for Earth Science professionals?

  • The scope of B.Sc Earth Science is increasing in India and across the world.

  • After completing BSc earth science, students can opt for M.Sc and PhD in this subject.

  • Students can appear for NET and start their career in teaching as well.

  • Students may appear for prestigious institutions like IITs and Central Universities for higher study in this field.

  • Professionals in the field may also find higher positions in ONGC and Coal India etc after appearing for GATE exam.

  • Or, students can opt for research on the topics related to this field.

What kinds of books and study materials are available for the entrance exam?

  • Previous years question papers.

  • Geography, Botany and Zoology of BSc level.

  • BSc level environmental science books.

Some popular books

1. IIT - JAM Entrance Book.

2. Life Sciences: Fundamentals and Practice part II by Pravin Kumar.

3. Environmental Studies by R. Rajagopalan.

4. Earth: Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary Sciences by Surendar Kumar.

Interesting facts 

  • Australia is wider than the Moon.

  • By the year 2050, Island country, Maldives, is going to submerge underwater.

  • The Middle East has the world's 65% petroleum reserve.

  • The first oil well in Asia was drilled at Digboi, Assam in the year 1901.