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State Police Officer

What is Police?

In India, the primary role of the police is to enforce the law, solve crimes, and ensure the safety of the country's people following the Indian Constitution. Efficient and effective policing is critical, and state police officials play an important role in nation-building and show great courage and strength in their duties. 

Police also work with the community to coordinate community events and education programs and provide education services in neighbourhoods where officers patrol.

What are Jobs and Responsibilities?

  • Testify in the case, as well as collect evidence during the investigation and prosecution of the criminal case.\

  • They collect and arrest offenders and suspects and testify in court in cases involving offenders or suspects.

  • Monitor threats to public safety and patrol neighbourhoods to deter criminal activity.

  • Respond to incidents and complaints reported to police, collect evidence at the scene and document the treatment of suspects, victims and witnesses

What are the skills required?

  • Often they will work night shifts and weekends, and they need to be and remain physically in good shape, as the job sometimes requires strenuous physical activity. 

  • Honesty

  • Welfare

  • Empathetic

  • Analytical skills

  • Excellent communication skills

How to join State Police?

People who apply to join the police must pass a rigorous background check, including their criminal background, to ensure that they are upright members of society who fit well into our community. Police officers must undergo training at the Police Academy, and it is not uncommon for police officers to require a certificate or degree in criminal law.

There are multiple ways to join the state police

  • State Public service commission (gazetted officers)

  • Staff selection commission

  • Sub Inspector/constable exams conducted by the respective state government for non gazetted officers


Bachelor’s degree (All streams)

Physical requirements vary from state to state. For example in Uttar Pradesh, the physical requirements are:

Physical Requirements

Race– Male 4.8 Km. ( 28 Mins) Female 2.4 Km. ( 16 Minutes).

  • Male Constable

  • Female Constable

Age: Not less than 18 years; not more than 22 years for Male & Constable PSC,   18 to 25 years for Female. SC, ST and such other categories of candidates of Uttar Pradesh maximum age relaxation as per rules.

Educational Qualification: 10th & 12th standard/ Equivalent from recognized Institution.

Source: Free job alerts

What are the scope and growth opportunities?

Hierarchy in State Police

General hierarchy of Cops in India:

I.P.S. Officers or Indian Police Service Officers

  • Director-General of Police 

  • Additional Director General of Police

  • Inspector-General of Police 

  • Deputy Inspector General of Police

  • Senior Superintendent of Police

  • Superintendent of Police

  • Additional Superintendent of Police

  • Assistant Superintendent of Police

Provincial/ State Police Service Officers

  • Senior Superintendent of Police

  • Superintendent of Police

  • Additional Superintendent of Police

  • Deputy Superintendent of Police

Upper Subordinate

  • Inspector of Police

  • Sub-Inspector of Police

  • Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police


  • Head Constable

  • Constable

  • Sepoy or Home Guard

After a career in the police, you can open your detective agency by getting proper certification

Join or start a private security business

You can also join private companies for business intelligence and administrative profiles

How much do they make?

  • A newly joined UP Police Constable makes Rs 30,000/mth – 40,000/mth

  • Sub Inspector: Rs. 27,900 - Rs. 1,04,400/ month.

  • Assistant Sub Inspector: Rs 27,900 to Rs. 60,600/mth

For more details, click here

What are the Books and Study Materials available?

  • Police Exam Preparation Book (Norman Hall)

  • SSC Sub-Inspector Recruitment Exam (Disha Publications)

  • SSC Constable Exam (Kiran)

  • SSC Delhi Police Executive Recruitment Exam (R. Gupta)

  • Haryana Police Constable Recruitment Exam (R. Gupta)

  • Andhra Pradesh Police Recruitment Exam (Vijetha)

  • Practice Book for Kolkata Police Constable Recruitment Exam (Kiran )

  • Delhi SSC Constable Recruitment Exam (VVK Subburaj) 

Interesting Facts

For every 100,000 people, there are only 130 cops in India. (This is also a growth opportunity)