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Genetic Engineering

What is Genetic Engineering?

  • Genetic Engineering is the direct process of altering the DNA of organisms using biotechnology.

  • It is also known as Genetic Modification and Genetic Manipulation.

  • In this process, the doctor has to test the DNA of plants or any other organism using the micro bioscope and know about their genetic cells.

  • The researchers can also transfer the genes from one plant to another to create something new for the research.

  • They use a set of technologies to change the genetic cells from one plant to another to create a new organism. 

  • They can also go with the DNA isolation of cloning, which creates the same plant with the same features.

What are the skills required?

  • Critical thinking

  • Complex problem solving

  • Strong understanding of 

  • Ability to use scattering equipment/laboratory equipment

  • Strong knowledge of biochemicals

  • Judgement/decision making

  • Strong knowledge of PCM


Maths is compulsory at 10+2 level if you want to pursue Genetic Engineering. However, you still stand a chance to work in the field of genetics if you can do a graduation/post-graduation in streams like Biochemistry, Microbiology or Molecular Biology.

What are the specializations areas in Genetic Engineering or after completing graduation in Genetic Engineering?

  • Clinical Genetics

  • Behavioral Genetics

  • Classical Genetics

  • Genomics

  • Population, quantitative and ecological genetics

  • Molecular Genetics

  • Genetic Algorithms

  • Genetic Engineer

  • Medical Industry

  • Agriculture Sector

  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries

What are the growth prospects in Genetic Engineering?

  • The student has to complete 10+2 with at least Physics, Chemistry, and Biology to get admission in B.Tech.

  • They have to pass the entrance exams like JEE or GATE for the master admission or PhD admission

  • While doing masters, they can work in a private or government firm on an internship basis. Many companies came for placement in the colleges where a student gets the job

  • Students who have a B.Sc. degree can also pursue with Genetics/Biological Science/Life Science/Biotechnology subjects

  • They also have to pass the government exams for further education.

  • The B.Tech students can begin their careers with private organizations, agriculture sectors, research and development departments, and so on.

What are the salary expectations in Genetic Engineering?

  • The average salary of a qualified genetic engineer is Rs. 3,00,000 per annum.

  • Students can also get government scholarships for further research on genes.

Popular Colleges in India

  • SRM University, Chennai

  • Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research, Karnataka

  • Mahatma Jayanti Rao Phoole University, Jaipur

  • Indian Institute of Science, Karnataka

Best Colleges in India

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

  • Indian Institute of Science, (IISc), Bangalore

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

Who are the top recruiters in Genetic Engineering?

  • Panacea Biotec

  • Boston Biological

  • Wockhardt

  • Cadila Pharmaceuticals

  • Bharat Biotech

  • Claris Lifesciences

  • Intas Biopharmaceuticals

  • Invitrogen

  • LG Life Sciences

  • Emcure Pharmaceuticals

  • Datar Cancer Genetics Limited

  • The National Institute of Immunology

  • The Center for DNA Fingerprint and Diagnostics

  • The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology

  • Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Center

What are the books available for Genetic Engineering exams?

  • Online study material

  • Textbooks: Physics, Chemistry, Maths class 12

  • Arihant's JEE Mains Physics/Chemistry/maths

  • NTA JEE Mains

  • Concepts of physics (Vol. 1 and 2) by H.C Verma

  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by R.C. Mukherjee

  • Objective Mathematics by R D Sharma

Interesting facts about Genetic Engineering

  • A scientist named Lalji Singh was the inventor of the DNA fingerprinting technology for the forensic investigation of crime and civil disputes. He is also known as the Father of "Indian DNA fingerprinting."

  • According to scientists, they use mice for their research because the mice's genes are very similar to human genes.