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What is Gastroenterology?

  • Gastroenterology covers the areas of normal function and diseases of the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts, liver, and digestive system.

  • Gastroenterologists need to have a comprehensive understanding of the normal physiology as well as motility through the intestines and gastrointestinal tract in order to maintain healthy digestion, absorption of nutrients,  removal of waste and metabolic processes.

  • Gastroenterologists should have clarity on ailments affecting the organs of the gastrointestinal system such as:

    • Peptic Ulcer Disease

    • Gastric Cancers

    • Esophageal Cancers

    • Achalasia

    • Barret’s Esophagus

    • Colon Polyps

    • Colon And Bowel Cancers

    • Pancreatitis

    • Pancreatic Cancers

    • Cholecystitis

    • Biliary Tract Disease

    • Gallbladder Stones And Cancer

    • Hepatitis

    • Gastroesophageal Reflux

    • Colitis

    • Nutritional Problems And Malabsorption,

    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs)

    • A Host Of Other Disease Conditions

What does a Gastroenterologist do?

Physicians specialized in this field are called Gastroenterologists. They treat the diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract. The students who are pursuing this course will study the organs starting from the mouth to anus and the study also includes the alimentary canal. The treatments are primarily related to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the liver. The word Gastroenterology is the combination of three ancient Greek words: gaster means “stomach,” enterons means “intestine,” and logos means “reason.”

The gastroenterologists perform various procedures, which include

  • Colonoscopy

  • Endoscopy

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

  • Endoscopic ultrasound

  • Liver biopsy.

What are the skills required?

  • Decision making

  • Analytical thinking

  • Managerial skills

  • Consultation skills

  • Adaptability

  • Ability to cope up with odd/long working hours

What are the specializations Areas in Gastroenterology or after completing Graduation in Gastroenterology?

  • Hepatology 

  • Pancreas treatment.

  • Advanced endoscopy 

  • Celiac treatment.

  • Inflammatory Bowel

  • Nutrition Specialist

  • Laboratory scientist

  • Gastrointestinal oncologist

  • Clinical trialist

  • Liver treatment

  • Inflammatory Bladder

What are the Growth Prospects in Gastroenterology?

  • After 12th (PCB/PCMB), you need to pass the medical entrance exams for MBBS. You can go with government exams like NEET, JIPMER, AIIMS. 

  • After MBBS, you have to move forward with MD/MS/DNB program. After that, a student has to graduate from another medical school. 

  • After graduation, you need to complete a 3-year training program in internal medicine. While getting the training you can also work as gastroenterologists to get professional mentorship.

  • After completing the training program, you need to move forward with fellowship programs to get more experience in your field.

  • In this training, you will study about the endoscopy and non-surgical treatments. After that, you become a certified gastroenterologist.

What are the Salary Expectations in Gastroenterology?

The average salary of a Gastroenterologist in India is Rs 5,29,868/yr according to

Best Colleges in India:

  • AIIMS, Delhi

  • BHU, Varanasi

  • IPGMER, Kolkata

  • Motilal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad

  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Popular Colleges in India:

  • Madras Medical College, Chennai

  • Osmania Medical College, Chennai

  • St. John Medical College, Banglore

  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

  • SMS Medical College Jaipur

Who are Top Recruiters in Gastroenterology?

Gastroenterologists have a wide area for employment opportunities. They have to deal with health, and they can work at any health care place.

  • They can begin their career at a government hospital or private hospital.

  • The gastroenterology students can also work on medical research institutions, medical schools/colleges.

  • They can also open their private clinic for exceptional people who have problems with digestive systems.

  • They work as Endocrinologists, Gerontologists, Anesthetists, and professors.

What is the study material available for Gastroenterology Student?

  • NEET PG Toppers Handwritten Notes-Complete Study Material

  • ALLEN NEET-UG 2020 Major Online Test Series

  • LMRP - 2nd Edition Last Minute Revision Points - 2019 By DBMCI

  • Dr Bhatia Handwritten Notes For Pg Preparation 2019-20

  • NEET PG Part A Toppers Handwritten Notes

  • Self Assessment And Review Of Anatomy

  • NEET/AIIMS Toppers Handwritten Notes - Physics+Chemistry

Interesting Facts About Gastroenterology

  • It is interesting to know that the size of our small intestine is 22-23 feet while our large intestine is just 5 feet long.