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Fisheries Science

What is Fisheries Science?

  • Fishery science is a multifaceted and extensive field of study largely aquaculture including breeding, genetics, biotechnology, nutrition, farming, diagnosis of diseases in fishes, other aquatic resources, and the medical treatment of aquatic animals. 

  • The Fish industry also includes fish curing, canning, freezing, value addition, byproducts of fish and their waste utilization, quality assurance and certification, and fisheries microbiology. 

  • It happens to be a very highly skilled and demanding area of study.

  • Since the scope of the subject is very great and accurate it calls for a very high degree of precision and refinements. Extensive and diverse in nature it happens to be a very critical area of work

  • It can be further classified into two major fields: Aquatic and Fishery Sciences and Marine Biology. 

How is it different from Marine ecology?

Marine biology includes marine ecology and it also includes observations at the biochemical, cellular, individual, and community levels as well as the study of marine ecosystems and the biosphere.

What are the skills required to be in this field?

  • Good analytical skills

  • Institutional & Management skills

  • Ability to learn new skills

  • Flexibility to work for long hours

  • Adaptability 

Who is eligible?

The degree in Fisheries Science is a science degree, you must have studied science with biology to class 12. The selection process for admission in various universities/colleges is either through university-level exam (CUSAT) or state level entrance examination. Students can also apply for ICAR.

Where can one study Fisheries Science?

Best Colleges/Institutes offering Fisheries Science: 

  • Annamalai University

  • Assam Agricultural University - AAU

  • Central Agricultural University - CSU

  • Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology

  • College of Fisheries

  • College of Home Science - Pusa

  • College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry

  • Desh Bhagat University

  • Dolphin PG College of Science and Agriculture

Popular Colleges/Institutes offering Fisheries Science: 

  • Doon (P.G.) College of Agriculture and Allied Sciences

  • Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth

  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University - DRPCAU

  • Fisheries College and Research Institute

  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology

  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University - GADVASU

  • Haldia Government College

  • Himgiri Zee University - Himgiri Nabh Vishwavidyalaya

  • Indira Gandhi Agricultural University

  • Junagadh Agricultural University

What are the specializations Areas in Fisheries Science?

The following specialization areas are open after doing Fisheries Science:

  • Fish and Wildlife Disease Ecology and Conservation Medicine (masters and doctoral)

  • Gender, Justice and Environmental Change

  • Environmental Toxicology

  • Environmental and Resource Economics

  • Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior (master's specialization, PhD dual-degree)

What are the growth Prospects after acquiring a Fisheries Science degree?

  • There are numerous career or job opportunities in government and the private sector. 

  • Aspirants can go for entrepreneurship or self-employed in their own fisheries-related business. 

  • There is a fishery department in every state or government. You can apply for various posts in the fishery department of the state.

  • There are jobs in the fishery department of central government agencies like Marine Product Export Development Authority (MPEDA), Fisheries Survey of India (FSI), NIO, WHO,  and many others. 

  • Who has completed the degree can apply for research projects or can do further study. 

  • There are a number of job opportunities in institutions, banks, fishing/oceans and in foreign countries.

What is the expected salary?

  • Average salary in India is Rs. 34,800 per month

  • Average early career salary with 1-4 years’ experience is Rs. 28,200 per month

  • Average mid career salary with 5-9 years experience is Rs.48,900 per month 

  • Average salary of senior professionals with 10-19 years’ experience is Rs. 72,200 per month

Who are the top recruiters in this field? 

The following organizations recruit students from this field in large numbers:

  • Marine Product Export Development Authority (MPEDA)

  • Export Inspection Agency ( EIA)

  • Coastal Aquaculture Authority of India (CAA)

  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

  • Fisheries Survey of India (FSI)

  • National Institute of Oceanography(NIO)

  • Indian National Centre for Ocean and Information Services(INCOIS), Hyderabad

What are the job prospects for Fisheries Science? 

  • The scope for Fisheries Science degree holders has been increasing in India and across the globe. 

  • You can be an aquaculturist, farm managers, exporters, traders, breeders and modern fishermen, etc.

The job titles of fisheries are given below:

  • Fisheries Biologist

  • Fisheries Extension Officer (AEO)

  • Fisheries Officer

  • Fishery Manager

  • Fishery technician

  • Fishery Observer

  • Assistant Fisheries Development Officer (AFDO)

  • District Fisheries Development Officer (DFDO)

What kinds of books and study materials are available for the entrance examinations? 

  • Mock tests available online

  • Study materials available from the popular training institutes

  • NCERT syllabuses of physics, chemistry, and mathematics

Some popular books are as follows: 

  • Introduction to the Practice of Fishery Science by William F. Royce

  • Objective Fishery Science Hardcover

  • Model Question Bank on ICAR JRF Fisheries Paperback

  • Model Question Bank A to Z of Fisheries Paperback

Interesting facts about Fishery Science

India is the second largest producer of fish in the world fish market.