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Civil Engineer

What is Civil Engineering? 

Civil engineering is an engineering branch that provides the necessary infrastructure for the functioning of modern society. If you're looking for a limitless technical career, civil engineering is the right. From building to environmental engineering, there is civil engineering for everyone.

  • Civil engineers design and maintain many structures around us. This includes

    • Buildings

    • Roads

    • Bridges

    • Systems transporting water and waste to our communities.

  • Civil engineers apply the principles of Geotechnics, Construction, Environmental Protection,  Traffic And Civil Engineering in residential, commercial, industrial and public construction projects of all sizes and levels.

  • Civil engineers work in both natural and built-up environments. They are responsible for designing and implementing plans for buildings and roads. 

  • They often work with architects, urban planners, and landscape designers. They are responsible for countless aspects of everyday life. It is hard to imagine a scene in which a civil engineer did not work.

  • They design schools, improve the flow of traffic in the city, build buildings where priceless treasures are stored, and design iconic monuments recognized around the world.

  • Besides working with other Project Specialists, Civil engineers often oversee contractors and employees. Civil engineers must pass the authentication process. 

What Civil Engineers Do?

  • They ensure the maintenance of equipment and adherence to safety prevention measures.

  • Monitors personnel needs and schedules staff accordingly.

  • Also responsible for preparing proposals, establishing completion dates and cost estimates, and evaluating results. 

  • Typically reports to a manager or head of a unit/department. 

  • Suggest improvements to the process, is a knowledge resource for other team members.

  • Has thorough knowledge of the team processes. It generally has a minimum of 2 years of experience as an individual contributor. 

  • Identify environmental hazards and develop risk management strategies for engineering projects.

  • Check progress at project locations. Ensure that project specification and safety standards are met.

  • Manage and manage construction, operational or maintenance activities on the project site.

What are the main Specialisations?

The subject area covers a large number of workspaces. Most students choose to specialize in a particular field.

Some of the typical concentrations are

  • Site engineering

  • Structural engineering

  • Land development

  • Transportation engineering

  • Geotechnical engineering.

General engineers work with surveyors and specialized engineers for planning

  • Drainage

  • Pavements

  • Water Supply

  • Sewerage

  • Dams

  • Power Supply

  • Communication

Structural civil engineers work with architects and builders. They ensure that materials used in projects exceed the requirements.

  • For example, Structural civil engineers work with entertainment companies & theme parks. They design rides that turn customers around corners at dangerous speeds.

Construction engineers design and test plans for buildings, bridges and dams. They ensure their longevity. 

Geotechnical engineers provide a foundation for projects such as tunnels and tall buildings.

How To Become A Civil Engineer in India?

  • To obtain an undergraduate degree in engineering (below), you must pass 10+2 exact sciences (physics, chemistry, mathematics and preferably biology) from a recognized body.

  • To get to the best engineering schools that offer civil engineering programs such as IIT and NIT, you must register for JEE (joint entrance examination) and meet the required admission criteria (class 12 results / equivalent proficiency test and joint entrance examination).

  • Independent entrance examinations are also conducted by various state, central and private universities, most of which require 50% as a prerequisite to the exam (the minimum percentage may vary for reserved and girl candidates, and college requirements)

Top colleges for BTech in Civil Engineering in India

  • IIT, Bombay.

  • IIT, Delhi.

  • IIT, Kanpur.

  • IIT, Kharagpur.

  • IIT, Madras.

  • IIT, Roorkee.

  • BITS Pilani.

  • IIT BHU Varanasi.

Popular colleges for BTech in Civil Engineering in India

  • Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore

  • Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal

  • College of Engineering, Pune

  • RV College of Engineering, Bangalore

  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai

  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

What is the scope after BTech in Civil engineering in India?

  • After completing b.e./, students may apply for and a PhD in this field

  • Students can appear for the GATE exam for employment opportunities in the Public sector undertakings

  • Renowned institutes such as IIT, IIIT and NIT also take into account the GATE result

  • Specialists in this field will find senior positions in the PWD, Environmental and other ministries

  • Specialists also find work in research teams for government agencies and private organizations in this area

  • You can also try to become a civil servant through Indian Engineering Services to manage technical and managerial functions of the government of India in the field of engineering

How much do Civil Engineers earn in India?

  • Average Salary for a Civil Engineer  in India is Rs 311,727/yr

  • The average salary of a Civil Engineer with less than 1 year of experience is Rs 245,479/yr

  • The average salary of a Civil Engineer with 1-4 years of experience is Rs 294,157/yr

  • At Senior level (5-9 years of experience) Civil Engineer in India makes Rs 479,060/yr

  • And with 10-19 years of experience, a Civil Engineer in India makes Rs 689,406 /yr

  • After 20+ years of experience, a civil engineer in India makes Rs 967,082/yr

Who are the major Recruiters for Civil Engineers in India?

  • L&T ECC.

  • Afcons Infrastructure.

  • Gmr Infrastructure.

  • Tata Projects Ltd.

  • Simplex Infrastructure.

  • Ncc.

  • Shapoorji Pallonji & Co. Ltd.

  • Nagarjuna Construction Company Limited

How to prepare and what are the study material and books available?

  • Mock tests available online

  • NCERT syllabus of class 11th and 12th

  • Study material available by prestigious institutes

  • Consult your seniors (who have already given such exams) for guidance

  • Previous year question papers of JEE entrance exam

Some popular books are O.P. Tandon for Physical Chemistry, P.Bahadur (G.R.Bathla & Sons) for Numerical chemistry. Concept of Physics by HC Verma (Vol 1, Vol 2); Problems In General Physics by IE Irodov. IIT Mathematics, M.L. Khanna; Trigonometry, S L Loney; Calculus & Analytic Geometry, Thomas & Finney.

Some Interesting Facts

Civil Engineering always has the highest number of seat quotas in the Indian Engineering Exam. The proportion changes every year.