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What is cardiology?

Cardiology is that branch of medicine and medical treatment that handles the various kinds of malfunctioning of the heart of the human body. It is a medical speciality which deals with not only the diagnosis but also the treatment of heart problems of a patient. 

What is a cardiologist?

A cardiologist is the heart specialist who:

  • Undertakes examination of patients with special attention to the functioning of their hearts and assesses the condition of their heart 

  • Imparts knowledge to patients about risks of pursuing prohibited and harmful activities together with giving advice for ensuring better heart health.

  • If required, write out suitable prescriptions for addressing problems if present or likely to occur.

  • When the heart condition of the patient warrants undertake surgical processes for treating the patients 

  • Monitor the improvement and further steps to be taken by the patient.

How can one become a cardiologist in India? 

To become a certified cardiologist one needs to complete MBBS by clearing NEET National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate and then NEET-PG for speciality course, then they can opt for a 3 years MD and 3-years DM (Cardiology) from a reputed college/University/Institute

Where can one study higher courses in cardiology?

Best Colleges/Institutes to study diploma in Cardiology:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 

  • NRI Medical College, (NRIMC), Guntur

  • Guntur Medical College, Guntur

  • Mother Teresa Post Graduate and Research Institute of Health Sciences, Puducherry

  • Jawaharlal Institute Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry

Popular Colleges/Institutes to study diploma in Cardiology

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

  • Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu

  • G. Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital, (GKNM Hospital), Coimbatore

  • Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), Moradabad

  • Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow

  • Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, (SVIMS), Tirupati

What subjects are taught in cardiology? 

There are over thirty subjects taught under Cardiology like the following ones: 

  • Coronary Heart Diseases

  • Congenital Heart Diseases

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

  • Pericardial Diseases

  • Peripheral Vascular Disorder

What are the career prospects after completing a degree in Cardiology?

  • After the completion of the degree, it's necessary for students to register with the Medical Council of India.

  • Degree holders can work as a Cardiologist in Government or Private hospitals. Nowadays, there are super speciality centres for Heart Care in both Government & Private sector.

  • A cardiologist can work as a private practitioner as a heart specialist.

  • A student can enrol for a PhD to study cardiology and can work as a lecturer in universities after clearing the NET/JRF exam.

How much does a cardiologist earn?

  • Average Salary for a Cardiologist in India is Rs 1,510,586/yr

  • The average salary of a Cardiologist  with 1-4 years of experience is Rs 1,494,406 /yr

  • At Senior level (5-9 years of experience) a Cardiologist  in India makes Rs 2,250,000/yr


Who are the top recruiters in India in this field? 

  • AIIMS, New Delhi

  • B. M. Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata

  • Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bangalore

  • Kerala institute of medical sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala

  • Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi

What kinds of books and study materials are available for cardiology?

  • NEET PG Toppers Handwritten Notes-Complete Study Material

  • ALLEN NEET-UG 2020 Major Online Test Series

  • LMRP - 2nd Edition Last Minute Revision Points - 2019 By DBMCI

  • Dr Bhatia Handwritten Notes For Pg Preparation 2019-20

  • NEET PG Part A Toppers Handwritten Notes

  • Self Assessment And Review Of Anatomy

  • NEET/AIIMS Toppers Handwritten Notes-Physics+Chemistry

Interesting facts

The average size of the adult heart is as big as the fist.