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Biotechnology Engineering

What is biotechnology?

  • Since the beginning of human civilization, the use of various biological processes for making, preserving and creating food is very well known to all of us.  This includes converting milk to curd, churning butter of milk and adding yeast for making bread. 

  • Thus, the technology that is used for the design and development of biological processes in a man-made environment is known as biotechnology.

What does a biotechnologist do?

  • The main job of a Biotechnologist is to use the biological knowledge about processes and systems to create technical know-how for producing, preserving and improving food products. 

  • Biotechnologists are able to work in many different areas like agriculture, environment conservation, medicine and food products. 

Where can one study biotechnology in India?

The reputed colleges to study biotechnology in India are

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 

  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai 

  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore 

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

  • Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 

The popular colleges for studying biotechnology in India are:

  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara 

  • Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 

  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata, 

  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai

  • Christ University, Bangalore 

What kind of personal skills are required for pursuing BSc Biotechnology?

A person desiring to become a professionally qualified engineer in Biotechnology must have the following skills: 

  • Innovative and creative

  • Team player

  • Able to think out of the box

  • Be adaptive to change 

  • A very creative thinker

  • Have basic management skills

  • Able to handle the pressure

  • Good communicator

  • Highly flexible and 

  • A quick learner

What are the major subjects taught in biotechnology at the undergraduate level?

As has been stated above biotechnology is basically an interdisciplinary subject where many diverse topics are covered. These include: 

  • Cell Biology

  • Biochemistry

  • Genetics

  • Embryology

  • Molecular Biology

  • Robotics

  • Chemical Engineering

However, a large amount of learning at work in the laboratory by analyzing and researching biological information

What are the top job profiles for biotechnology?

  • Biomedical Engineer

  • Biochemist

  • Medical Scientist

  • Biological/Clinical Technician

  • Microbiologist

  • Process Development Scientist

  • Biomanufacturing Specialists

  • Business Development Manager

What are the growth prospects for a Biotechnologist in India? 

The jobs for a graduate in biotechnology can be amongst any one of the following fields:

  • Drug and Pharmaceutical research

  • Public funded Laboratories

  • Environment control

  • Chemicals and fertilizers

  • Energy Management

  • Waste management

  • Bio-processing industries

  • Food processing

  • After completing the UG course, students can opt for Masters, NET/JRF and PhD in this field

  • Students may appear for the JNU CEEB, ICAR AIEEA PG, AIIMS, IIT JAM examination, for further studies

  • Professionals in this field can find higher positions in the Bureau of Government R&D

  • One may opt to appear for various PSC examinations

  • DRDO - DEBEL also selects candidates with a background of biotechnology.

How much do biotechnologists earn in India?

The earnings of a biotechnologist in India varies with his experience and the industry that he is in. However, by and large, the average salaries at different stages of the career of a biotechnologist remain as follows:

  • With an experience of less than a year: Rs. 4,99,071  per annum

  • With an experience of 1-4 years: Rs. 5,88,480 per annum

  • Mid Career: Rs. 6,27,150 per annum

  • Top Level Employee: Rs. 9,70,000 per annum


Who are the top recruiters of biotechnologists?

The following companies of high paying jobs in biotechnology in India

  • Bharat Technology

  • Ranbaxy

  • Orchid Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited

  • AstraZeneca

  • Dr Reddy's Laboratories, 

  • Aurigene Discovery Technologies Limited

  • Avesthagen Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

  • Aventis Pharmaceuticals

What are study material/Books available for this course?

  • Online study material

  • online Test series

  • Physics, Mathematical, Chemistry & Biology Text Books of Class 11 & 12

  • Objective Biotechnology by RS Sengar

  • R Gupta’s popular guide for Biotechnology Entrance Exam

  • Biotechnology for CSIR/JNU/AIMS/JAM/NET/SET by Vinita Thakur

  • Biochemistry by Donald Voet & Judith G. Voet

  • Cell Bio by Gerald Karp

  • Microbiology by Lansing M. Prescott, John P. Harley & Donald A. Klein

  • Biotechnology by U Satyanarayana

  • Genetics by Gardner, Simmons & Snustad

Interesting facts

With the invention of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) by scientists in 1983, the profession of Biotechnology came under the spotlight of fame. With PCR it became possible to do many important jobs like identifying sources of new viruses like Coronavirus, DNA fingerprinting, identifying criminals and many more.