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Biomedical Engineering

What is Biomedical Engineering?

  • Biomedical engineering has recently emerged as a separate study. The work in biomedical engineering consists of research and development.

  • Engineering itself is an innovative field that gives rise to ideas for everything. Biomedical engineering focuses on advances that improve human healthcare at all levels.

  • Biomedical engineering differs from other engineering disciplines. In that, they have an impact on human health. 

What are the Branches and Scope of Biomedical Engineering?

  • Bio-instrumentation uses electronics, information technology and measuring principles. The study develops instruments for the diagnosis and treatment of medical problems.

  • Bio-mechanics includes studying mechanics, such as thermodynamics, to solve biological or medical problems.

  • Rehabilitation technology studies the sciences to develop devices that support people. In the sense, to help recover from or adapt to physical and cognitive impairments.

  • Systems physiology uses technical tools. These tools understand how systems in living organisms function and respond to stimuli.

  • Clinical engineering deals with the actual implementation of medical instruments. Clinical engineers tell and work with medical device manufacturers. They aim to achieve potential design improvements based on clinical experience. They track the progress to redirect procurement patterns accordingly.

  • Concepts that are enhanced by nanobiology include:

    • Nanodevices
    • Nanoparticles
    • Nanoscale phenomena that occur in the field of nanotechnology.
  • You can also become a software engineer with a degree in biomedical engineering. You are responsible for the design and development of programs for medical applications.

  • Researchers spend time learning more about the best possible solutions to medical problems.

What are the skills required to become a biomedical engineer?

A biomedical engineer is responsible for administering medical devices in hospitals. These devices must follow industry standards.

What is the Admission and Eligibility Criteria?

  • To complete engineering (below), you should pass 10 + 2 Science(physics, chemistry, mathematics and preferably biology) from a recognized commission.

  • To get to the best engineering colleges that offer biomedical engineering programs such as IITs and NITs, you must attend JEE (joint entrance exam) and meet the required admission criteria (class 12 results / equivalent proficiency test and joint entrance exam).

  • Independent admission tests are also carried out by various state, central and private universities, which usually require 50% to pass the test (the minimum percentage may be different for reserved candidates and girl candidates). 

What are the skills to become a Biomedical Engineer?

  • A student of biomedical engineering should first become an engineer.

  • They should gain a working understanding of the life sciences and BME terminology.

  • Good communication skills are also important. As you make important connections to professionals with medical, technical and other backgrounds.

  • Prospective students begin their search by looking at programs in their own region. As programs in this profession increase, many individuals find a good program nearby.

  • Biomedical or traditional programs such as mechanical or electrical engineering allow entry into biomedical professions.

  • You should also take math courses, including algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and analysis. Courses in drawing or mechanical drawing and computer programming are also useful.

What are the Courses Available?

  • B.Sc. in Biomedical Science

  • B Tech in Biomedical Engineering

  • Dual Degree programmes

  • Ph. D programme in Biomedical science 

Top institutes offering Biomedical Engineering course in India

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

  • Dr B.R. Ambedkar Centre for Biomedical Research, University of Delhi

  • Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi

  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, (University College of Engineering) Osmania University, Hyderabad

  • Govt. Model Engineering College, Kochi, Kerala

  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

  • Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal

  • College of Engineering, Pune

  • RV College of Engineering, Bangalore

  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai

  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

  • PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore

  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore

How much Biomedical Engineers in India make?

  • Avg. Salary in India - Rs 374,414

  • Avg Salary (less than 1 year) - Rs 358,187

  • Avg. Early Career Salary (1-4 years) - Rs 350,720

  • Mid Career Salary (5-9 years) - Rs 406,909  

  • Experienced Salary (10-19 years) - Rs 494,348

All salaries are per annum (Source: Payscale, All salaries are per annum)

How to prepare and what are the study material and books available?

  • Mock tests available online

  • NCERT syllabus of class 11th and 12th

  • Study material available by prestigious institutes

  • Consult your seniors (who have already given such exams) for guidance

  • Previous year question papers

Some popular books are O.P. Tandon for Physical Chemistry, P.Bahadur (G.R.Bathla & Sons) for Numerical chemistry. Concept of Physics by HC Verma (Vol 1, Vol 2); Problems In General Physics by IE Irodov. IIT Mathematics, M.L. Khanna; Trigonometry, S L Loney; Calculus & Analytic Geometry, Thomas & Finney.

Interesting Facts

Following are some pioneers in the field of Biomedical Engineering

  • Forrest Bird (mechanical ventilator).

  • John Charnley (artificial hip replacement).

  • Graeme Clarke (cochlear implant).

  • Willem Einthoven (electrocardiograph).

  • Wilson Greatbatch (internal cardiac pacemaker).

  • Charles Hufnagel (artificial heart valve).

  • Robert Jarvik (artificial heart).

  • Willem Johan Kolff (kidney dialysis).

  • Rene Laënnec (stethoscope).

  • Michel Mirowski (implantable cardioverter defibrillator).

  • Wilhelm Roentgen (X-rays).