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Biological Science

What is Biological Science?

  • Biological Science is the study of living organisms like human beings, animals, mammals, plants, insects, and other living organisms.

  • Biological Science is also known as Biology, and one gets it after getting good grades in the 10th standard.

  • Every country has a different education system, and according to that, every country has different criteria for biology.

  • There are different fields in Biological Science such as biochemistry, human anatomy, botany, physiology, zoology, ecology, and genetics.

What one will study in Biological Science?

  • Biological science is a vast field, where one will study zoology, botany, microbiology, etc.

  • In zoology, a person has to learn about animals, and the fields have different names, such as mammalogy, ichthyology, herpetology, ornithology, and entomology. The person must learn about animal behaviour and so on.

  • Botany is another field where the study about plants instead of animals. In this field also they must focus on working on plant cells, and if possible, then they can invent some medicines from the plant with the help of their research.

  • Microbiology includes every type of insects, bacteria, micro-organisms. It is very hard, and it is necessary to focus on work and not to do anything else.

  • Doctors will research bacteria, fungus, and other microorganisms.

  • When it comes to in-depth analysis inside the genes, microbiologists are very helpful to the doctors, and they also warn us before any new virus gets the attack on humanity.

  • They identify the bacteria problems and create the vaccination, which helps humankind.

What are the specializations areas in Biological Science where one can work and study as a specialist?

  • Botany

  • Zoologist

  • Microbiologist

  • Biotechnology Scientist

  • Data Scientist

  • Research Scientist

What are the Growth Prospects in Biological Science in India?

Students can choose the competitive exams as per their interests as follow:

  • After completing the graduation in Science stream, the student can find the job easily in these positions like QA/QC officer, Project Assistance, Junior Executive Assistant, etc.

  • They can choose these competitive exams for further goals JNU CEEB, IIT JAM, ICAR AIEEA, AIIMS MSc Biotechnology entrance exams, TIFR GS.

  • They can also move forward with a master’s degree and PhD for further research on food processing, animal DNA, and so on.

  • Students can also appear for CTeT & (Teacher Eligibility Test) TET, State Eligibility Test (SET) exam which is mandatory for teaching jobs in government & private schools as, Primary Teacher (PRT,) Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT), Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) teacher. 

  • Business-minded people begin with start-up business with the help of Indian Government funding bodies like DBT, SERB, ICAR, DST, UGC etc.

What are the Salary Expectations in Biological Science?

  • The pay scale for biochemists and biophysicists is INR 500,000. The zoologists and wildlife biologists get INR 500,000/yr. The biology research scientists will get INR 821,89/yr.

  • Above are the beginning figures only. Increment depends on your work scale.

Source: Payscale

Top colleges offering Biological Science in India

  • Madras Christian College, Chennai

  • Miranda House, University of Delhi

  • Hindu College, New Delhi

  • Sacred Heart College, Kochi

  • Jaipur National University, Jaipur

  • St.Xavier's College, Mumbai

Best colleges offering Biological Science in India:

  • The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore

  • St. Xaviers College, Kolkata

  • Ramjas College, University of Delhi

  • Joseph’s College, Kerala

  • Alberts College, Kochi

Who are Top Recruiters of Biological Science Graduate/Biological Scientist?


  • IBAB


  • IICB

  • State Board of Secondary Education

  • International life science institute

Books List For Biological Science Student:

  • NCERT books of +2 level

  • Study material from popular institutes

  • Previous exam papers to solve

Some popular books as follows:

  • Molecular Biology of the Cell (Bruce Alberts)

  • Lehninger’s principles of biochemistry (Nelson and Cox)

  • Genetics (Russell/ Griffiths/ Pierce / Snustad)

  • Immunology (Kuby/ Janeway/ Roitt)

  • Physiology (Guyton/ Sherwood)

  • Biotechnology (Glick/ T.A. Brown/)

  • Basic Botany/ Zoology/ Microbiology books

Interesting Fact About Biological Science:

  • Acharya J.C. Bose's one of the well-known inventions is the crescograph, that helped in measuring the response of plants to various stimuli and found that plants can feel pain, understand affection etc.

  • According to scientists, babies have more bones than adults.